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Boats & Seamanship

 

CQR Anchor

CQR  means secure, sort of a shortened way of saying the word.
It was originally patented by Sir Geoffrey Ingham Taylor in 1933 for use on flying boats. The word is apparently onomatopoeic in origin from the word 'secure', i.e.: CQR - See-Cu-R - (sounds like secure)

(Webmaster 12th March 2001)

G. I. Taylor was a very eminent applied mathematician and keen yachtsman from Cambridge. He described his new anchor design in a 1934 article in Yachting Monthly and Motorboating Magazine, using the name C.Q.R., but without explaining the letters. However, in a 1971 article [see below], he wrote: "After inventing the anchor, I, together with my friends George McKerrow and W. S. Farren, set up a small company to make them for our sailing friends. ... We called the company 'The Security Patent Anchor Co.' and would have liked to put the word 'secure' on the anchor, but it is not allowable to register a common word in that way, so we compromised and called our product 'C.Q.R.' For a long time afterwards people asked me what the Q stood for."

The anchor was invented for use on yachts, prompted by Taylor's difficulties in recovering an admiralty pattern anchor onto his own boat. Its usefulness for flying boats was soon apparent (light weight). During the war, the Admiralty ordered CQR anchors for torpedo boats and they were also used to anchor the Mulberry floating harbour units used during the Normandy landings.

Philip Smith. 17th March 2001.

Source: 
Taylor, G. (1971) The history of an invention. Eureka, vol. 34 (reprinted in 1974 in Bulletin of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 10 (Sep-Oct), pages 367-368)

 

Two other meanings of the term have also been suggested:

'Coastal Quick Release' also supplied by Philip Smith.

'Catalina Quick Release' supplied by Peter MacIver, It comes from his Dad, who worked on flying boats during WW2.

Webmaster April 2001

Donkey, or Donkey Engine - a smaller backup engine, fixed alongside the main engine on a boat, used in an emergency if the main engine fails. It's called this because it loosely resembles a smaller 'donkey' beside the main 'horse'
Webmaster April 2003

A little bit about position fixing using transit lines here

Information on Boat radio procedures, supplied by the UK Coastguard

Voyage Planning Sheet (MS Word document - 79.5 kb) to comply with the SOLAS V Regulations of the MCA (Maritime and Coastguard Agency)

Notes for using this sheet:

It's a double sided slate.  Side one gets filled in prior to leaving shore and the reverse gets filled in afterwards noting any deviation from plan.
The info needs to be transferred onto paper later so a record is kept.  If the boat is fairly dry, it could be done on paper to start with.  There isn't any extra work, as all the info that is put down is what the boat cox'n is already doing (or should be doing) but not keeping a record of.

Author: Simon Keymer

All content of this website is copyright Webmaster 2001 except where otherwise indicated